The Waneta Expansion Project went through a comprehensive harmonized federal/provincial environmental assessment as part of the regulatory approval process. The project was considered to not have any significant negative environmental effects. The project is expected to produce positive environmental benefits by directing water through the powerhouse instead of spilling it over the Waneta Dam thereby reducing downstream Total Gas Pressure (TGP) levels that can be harmful to fish.
One of the innovative features of this project is an experimental sturgeon exclusion screen. One of the potential environmental effects of the project is the potential for endangered White sturgeon to swim into the facility when it is offline. As a result, the facility has incorporated an experimental deployable sturgeon exclusion screen as part of the project design. The screen will deploy when the plant goes down to minimum output.
To ensure that construction activities at the Waneta Expansion Project are carried out in an environmentally-sound manner consistent with the regulatory approvals, a comprehensive Environmental Management Plan has been implemented and the project is being monitored by an independent environmental monitor.
Environmental Programs as a Result of the Waneta Expansion Project
Waneta Terrestrial Compensation Program (WTCP)
The Waneta Terrestrial Compensation Program (WTCP) provides annual funding to eligible conservation projects located in the Waneta, BC area. The goal of the WTCP is to provide financial support to projects that promote conservation and restoration of the terrestrial ecosystem through research, physical works, and other “on the ground” or applied projects. The WTCP will allocate up to $50,000 annually (for seven years) towards projects that are located within the project area. The program compensates for unavoidable terrestrial impacts of the Waneta Expansion Project.
Projects that have been funded include Fort Shepherd Conservancy Area restoration, Yellow Breasted Chat habitat restoration, the Kootenay Camas Project and inventories for species at risk such as butterflies and common nighthawks. For more information about the program, please see the links below.
- WTCP Poster
- Waneta Terrestrial Compensation Program – Terms of Reference
- Waneta Terrestrial Compensation Program – Application Package
WTCP Funded Project Reports
- Reptiles at Risk 2014
- Restoration of Yellow-breasted Chat Critical Habitat 2014
- Native Plants for Native Pollinators 2014
- Lewis’s Woodpecker Monitoring 2013
- Restoration of Yellow-breasted Chat Critical Habitat 2013
- Life History of the Common Checkered Skipper Butterfly 2013
- Species at Risk Inventory of Butterflies 2012
- Waneta Camas Inventory 2012
- Seepanee Nighthawk Use of Transmission Line Corridors 2012
Fort Shepherd Bar Fish Habitat Enhancement Project
This project involves excavating the Fort Shepherd bar as a means of increasing the amount of time the area is wetted and therefore provides shallow water fish habitat. The project offsets the increased dewatering of shallow water habitat that is the result of incremental load shaping at the Waneta Expansion. The project will also eliminate one of the major fish stranding sites in the Columbia River below Trail.
Waneta White Sturgeon Flow Augmentation and Predation Study (WSFAP)
The White Sturgeon Flow Augmentation Program (WSFAP) was initiated by Teck with the Waneta Dam Upgrades and provides a minimum flow requirement during the sturgeon spawning season to reduce the potential for predation on sturgeon eggs during periods of low flow. Enhancements were made to the WSFAP as part of the Waneta Expansion environmental assessment to come into effect when the plant becomes operational.
A six study of predation on white sturgeon eggs was initiated to help assess whether the WSFAP is effective as a means to reduce the effect of egg predation as a potential contributing factor to white sturgeon recruitment failure. The program aims to establish a relationship between flow and egg predation. An integral part of the program is a continuation of the long running Waneta sturgeon spawn monitoring program.
Waneta Fish Stranding Monitoring Program
This program monitors the incidence of fish and fish egg stranding associated with flow changes at Waneta. The program has been collecting pre-project baseline data. Post project surveys will be conducted after Waneta becomes operational to assess whether there are any impacts to fish and fish egg stranding from the Waneta Expansion Project.
Waneta Rare Plant Relocation Program
This program involves the collection and culture of rare plants that were unavoidably disturbed within the physical footprint of the Waneta Expansion Project. The plants have either been transplanted to a safe location or will be used in project reclamation. Species included in the project are Spanish Clover, Porcupine Grass, Prairie Rocket, Sutherland’s Larkspur, and Small Headed Tarweed.
Waneta Terrestrial Monitoring Program
This program monitors the effects of the Waneta Expansion Project on the following listed species found in the project area: yellow breasted chats, Lewis’s woodpecker, common nighthawks and herptile road kill. The only yellow breasted chat nesting in the Kootenay Region has been found in the area of the transmission line. Nesting locations and success are being monitored. Lewis Woodpeckers historically nested in one of the project temporary use areas. The nest has not been active for a number of years but individuals have been observed in another project area. Monitoring takes place on area roads to assess whether project related traffic may be resulting in an increase in road kill, with an emphasis on herptiles at risk, and if so, whether there are any locations where mitigation measures may be effective.